Difference between revisions of "China"

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*Emperor Yang of Sui: Introduced the Imperial Examination system
 
*Emperor Yang of Sui: Introduced the Imperial Examination system
 
*Zheng He: Ming Dynasty explorer.
 
*Zheng He: Ming Dynasty explorer.
 +
*Sun Yat-sen
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*Jiǎng Zhōngzhèn
 
*Mao Zedong
 
*Mao Zedong
 
*Hu Jintao: Paramount Leader of the People's Republic
 
*Hu Jintao: Paramount Leader of the People's Republic
 
*Yang Liwei: First Chinese Astronaut.
 
*Yang Liwei: First Chinese Astronaut.
 +
 
== China in Science Fiction ==
 
== China in Science Fiction ==
 
*In [[Stargate]], the People's Republic of China contributes to the Stargate program, including having a starship under it's control (the [[PLA Sun Tzu|PLA ''Sun Tzu'']]).
 
*In [[Stargate]], the People's Republic of China contributes to the Stargate program, including having a starship under it's control (the [[PLA Sun Tzu|PLA ''Sun Tzu'']]).

Revision as of 06:30, 2 April 2012

Emblem of the People's Republic of China

China (locally known as 中国-Zhongguo (The Middle Kingdom in Mandarin)) is an eastern Eurasian civilization. China is notable for having a major influence on surrounding civilizations in Eastern Asia and being the oldest continuous nation on Earth, existing as as a political entity in some form or another more or less consistently since 221 BCE, after being unified by Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi despite the rise and fall of various dynasties. Between 476 and 1600, Chinese civilization was the most technologically advanced civilization on earth, having developed chemical explosives, movable type printing, the compass, civil service examinations, paper and Paper Money well before european civilization did. The most recent incarnation of China is the People's Republic of China, a Communist Regieme founded by Mao Zedong in 1949 which is rising power undergoing massive economic growth.

Periods in Chinese History

  • Xia Dynasty (2070 BCE to 1600 BCE)
  • Shang Dynasty (1600 BCE to 1046BCE): Loose theocratic hegemony, first examples of writen chinese language.
  • Zhou Dynasty (1046 BCE to 475 BCE): Loose fuedal society, created concept of Mandate of Heaven. Power gradually weakened over time. Begining of the iron age.
  • Warring States Period (475 BCE to 221 BCE): Zhou State fails, china divided into several armed camps, emergence of Confucianism, Daoism and Legalism.
  • Qin Dynasty (221 BCE to 207 BCE): China unified under the banner of Qin, Qin Shi Huangdi creates a Legalist centralized state notable for major projects, standardization of writen language, destruction of information and scholars who were against imperial ideology and brutal punishments. Fell to Rebellion but started the Dynastic Cycle.
  • Han Dynasty (207 BCE to 220 CE): Long lived Dynasty, less brutal than the Qin but still centralized. Eventually adopted Confucianism as the state ideology. Paper developed.
  • Three Kingdoms (220 to 280) Han State divides into three bodies, Shu, Wei and Wu.
  • Jin Dyansty (280 to 420)
  • Northern and Southern Dynasties (420 to 589) China divided between the North and South Dynasties
  • Sui Dynasty (589 to 618) Introduction of the Imperial Civil service examination
  • Tang Dynasty (618 to 907): Creation of the Grand Canals and the rise of Bhuddism.
  • Song Dynasty (960 to 1279): Development of gunpowder and movable type printing. Largescale urbanization happens.
  • Yuan Dynasty: (1279 to 1368): China is conquered by the mongols under Ghengis Khan. Mongol rulers are assimilated into chinese culture quickly. China recovers from the loss of a third of its population.
  • Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644): Mongol rule ends. Despite exploration early on, this is abandoned leading to isolationism. Traders must come to China. Emergence of Neoconfucianism as the official ideology. Regular maritime trade with Europeans begins, as does technological stagnation.
  • Manchu Dynasty: (1644 to 1917) Last Imperial Dynasty. China overtaken by Enlightenment and Industrial era Europeans. Corruption in the Bureaucracy and incompetance from the throne leads to economic instability, made all the worse by Europeans using superior military technology to force china open. A few small scale attempts to industrialize fail, eventually leading to the collapse of the Imperial government.
  • Koumintang (1917 to 1949): Nationalist government founded, theoretically on Democratic principles, but did not function as such and has little influence. Much of the country descends into warlordism and is devestated by the Japanese invasion.
  • People's Republic of China (1949 onward): Communist regieme started by Mao Zedong who ruled using radical economic policies with some major failures (Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution). After Mao's death the Chinese Communist Party swiched to a largely market economy that has been growing rapidly.

Chinese People of Note

  • Sun Tzu: General and Military Thinker
  • Confucius: Philosopher
  • Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi: China's first Emperor.
  • Emperor Yang of Sui: Introduced the Imperial Examination system
  • Zheng He: Ming Dynasty explorer.
  • Sun Yat-sen
  • Jiǎng Zhōngzhèn
  • Mao Zedong
  • Hu Jintao: Paramount Leader of the People's Republic
  • Yang Liwei: First Chinese Astronaut.

China in Science Fiction

  • In Stargate, the People's Republic of China contributes to the Stargate program, including having a starship under it's control (the PLA Sun Tzu).
  • In Firefly, Human Civilization has adopted a large degree of Chinese influences, notably having Chinese writing sharing an equal status with the Roman Alphabet