Yorktown-class aircraft carrier

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During the mid 1930's, the [[United States]] along with other naval powers were building up a heavy fleet of new [[battleship]]s and battlecruisers.  As a response to the Washington Arms Treaty, the [[United States Navy|US Navy]] converted the construction of their already under-construction ''Yorktown''-class battlecruisers from warships over to [[carrier|aircraft carriers]].  Since the hulls of these vessels were less complete then the ''Lexington''-class ships, they were able to design them into fully purpose-built carriers.  Because of their original layout as battlecruisers, these ships had excellent hull armor.   
 
During the mid 1930's, the [[United States]] along with other naval powers were building up a heavy fleet of new [[battleship]]s and battlecruisers.  As a response to the Washington Arms Treaty, the [[United States Navy|US Navy]] converted the construction of their already under-construction ''Yorktown''-class battlecruisers from warships over to [[carrier|aircraft carriers]].  Since the hulls of these vessels were less complete then the ''Lexington''-class ships, they were able to design them into fully purpose-built carriers.  Because of their original layout as battlecruisers, these ships had excellent hull armor.   
  
All three ships of this class were heavily involved in the Pacific Theater of WWII.  The ''Yorktown'' was reported sunk by the Japanese on more then one occasion, but due to the technical prowess and skill of the US Navy, damage control crews were able to bring the ship back to operational status, much to the surprise of [[Japan|Japanese]] Navy. Despite being heavily damaged during the Battle of Coral Sea, the US Navy was able to repair her in time for the ship to be fully operational at the Battle of Midway.  In fact, during the Battle of Midway, the ship was reported sunk twice, once as itself and then again assumed to be the ''Enterprise''.  The ''Yorktown'' was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-168 during an attempt to salvage the ship after the battle.
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All three ships of this class were heavily involved in the Pacific Theater of WWII.  The ''Yorktown'' was reported sunk by the Japanese on more then one occasion, but due to the technical prowess and skill of the US Navy, damage control crews were able to bring the ship back to operational status, much to the surprise of the [[Japan|Japanese]] Navy. Despite being heavily damaged during the Battle of Coral Sea, the US Navy was able to repair her in time for the ship to be fully operational at the Battle of Midway.  In fact, during the Battle of Midway, the ship was reported sunk twice, once as itself and then again assumed to be the ''Enterprise''.  This was because the ship's damage control teams had repaired the ship to the point that it looked undamaged from the air.  The ''Yorktown'' was sunk by the Japanese submarine I-168 during an attempt to salvage the ship after the battle.
  
 
The USS ''Hornet'' fought hard during the war as well.  Like her sister ship ''Yorktown'', she also was able to handle massive battle damage.  The most famous operation involving the ''Hornet'' was the Doolittle Raid.  Supported by the ''Enterprise'', the ''Hornet'' launched sixteen B-25 light bombers for an attack on the Japanese capital of Tokyo.  The impact of this attack lead to the Japanese Navy escalating their plans for Operation-MI, leading to the Americans ambushing and destroying their carrier force supporting the attack on Midway Island.  The ''Hornet'' was heavily engaged with the Japanese Navy until battle damage during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, where the ship was forced to be abandoned.  Despite repeated attempts to scuttle the ship, she refused to sink until torpedoed by several Japanese [[Destroyer|destroyers]].  
 
The USS ''Hornet'' fought hard during the war as well.  Like her sister ship ''Yorktown'', she also was able to handle massive battle damage.  The most famous operation involving the ''Hornet'' was the Doolittle Raid.  Supported by the ''Enterprise'', the ''Hornet'' launched sixteen B-25 light bombers for an attack on the Japanese capital of Tokyo.  The impact of this attack lead to the Japanese Navy escalating their plans for Operation-MI, leading to the Americans ambushing and destroying their carrier force supporting the attack on Midway Island.  The ''Hornet'' was heavily engaged with the Japanese Navy until battle damage during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, where the ship was forced to be abandoned.  Despite repeated attempts to scuttle the ship, she refused to sink until torpedoed by several Japanese [[Destroyer|destroyers]].  

Revision as of 17:14, 2 April 2013

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