Roman Empire

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== Roman Society ==
 
== Roman Society ==
Roman Society was stratified on class lines, with a number of tiers based off a number of factors including wealth, ansestory and integration into roman society. Leaving aside the Imperial Throne, at the top was the patrician class, who owned large amounts of land or had income through trade connections and owning centers of manufacturing (the latter two being seen as less prestigious than land ownership) and were usually versed in Roman Law. Beneath them where the Plebs, who were lower classes of artisans, workers and farmers that still held citizenship. These people were usually the clients of Patrician patrons, in exchange for supporting their Patron politically and providing various services when needs, the patron would represent his clients in court, offer financial support and help them in business deals. At the bottom of Roman Society was a large population of [[Slavery|Slave]]s, making up as much as fifty percent of the Roman Population employed in every job from mine workers to administrators in the Roman Government. Many slaves were eventually granted freedom by their masters, either as a gift by a beneficent master or by buying their freedom. Usually freed slaves became the clients of their former masters.
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Roman Society was stratified on class lines, with a number of tiers based off a number of factors including wealth, ancestry, and integration into Roman society. Leaving aside the Imperial Throne, at the top was the patrician class, who owned large amounts of land or had income through trade connections and owning centers of manufacturing (the latter two being seen as less prestigious than land ownership) and were usually versed in Roman Law. Beneath them where the Plebs, who were lower classes of artisans, workers and farmers that still held citizenship. These people were usually the clients of Patrician patrons, in exchange for supporting their Patron politically and providing various services when needs, the patron would represent his clients in court, offer financial support and help them in business deals. At the bottom of Roman Society was a large population of [[Slavery|Slave]]s, making up as much as fifty percent of the Roman Population employed in every job from mine workers to administrators in the Roman Government. Many slaves were eventually granted freedom by their masters, either as a gift by a beneficent master or by buying their freedom. Usually freed slaves became the clients of their former masters.
  
 
In addition to the citizen classes and slaves existed various subject peoples, including denizens of Roman client kingdoms and people who lived in newly conquered areas that had not been enslaved. These peoples could be wealthy and prominently local, but were usually at a major social disadvantage due to their lack of citizenship. Fortunately for these subject peoples the Romans opened a number of paths to citizenship and would occasionally elevate entire regions to Roman Citizenship as a means of integrating these populations.
 
In addition to the citizen classes and slaves existed various subject peoples, including denizens of Roman client kingdoms and people who lived in newly conquered areas that had not been enslaved. These peoples could be wealthy and prominently local, but were usually at a major social disadvantage due to their lack of citizenship. Fortunately for these subject peoples the Romans opened a number of paths to citizenship and would occasionally elevate entire regions to Roman Citizenship as a means of integrating these populations.
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== The Roman Military ==
 
== The Roman Military ==
 
[[Image:‎Lorica-Segmentata.jpg |thumb|left|A reenactor dressed as an Imperial Legionary]]
 
[[Image:‎Lorica-Segmentata.jpg |thumb|left|A reenactor dressed as an Imperial Legionary]]
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*Auxiliaries: Auxiliaries consisted of non-citizen troops recruited from provinces. Often these would fill in gaps that Legionaries lagged in, such as archers and cavalry. To prevent revolt, Auxiliaries were generally stationed well away from their home territory. Completion of a term of service in the auxiliaries usually ended with being granted full citizenship.
 
*Auxiliaries: Auxiliaries consisted of non-citizen troops recruited from provinces. Often these would fill in gaps that Legionaries lagged in, such as archers and cavalry. To prevent revolt, Auxiliaries were generally stationed well away from their home territory. Completion of a term of service in the auxiliaries usually ended with being granted full citizenship.
  
At peak strength, the Roman Military had about a force of 500,000 soldiers (approximately 200,000 legionaries and 300,000 auxiliaries) and was by far the largest arm of the Roman Government and where it spent most of its money. In addition to fighting, Military forces would do various odd jobs required by the roman state (building roads and fortifications, working on various public works, enforcing law in the provinces, etc). In the Imperial Period, the Legions would play a major role in imperial politics, installing their Legates as Emperors and deposing Emperors who were short on payment. Towards the latter years, the Roman military became increasingly dependent on unreliable foreign [[Mercenary|mercenaries]] for defense, which contributed to the fall of the Empire.
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At peak strength, the Roman Military had about a force of 500,000 soldiers (approximately 200,000 legionaries and 300,000 auxiliaries) and was by far the largest arm of the Roman Government and where it spent most of its money. In addition to fighting, Military forces would do various odd jobs required by the Roman state (building roads and fortifications, working on various public works, enforcing law in the provinces, etc). In the Imperial Period, the Legions would play a major role in imperial politics, installing their Legates as Emperors and deposing Emperors who were short on payment. Towards the latter years, the Roman military became increasingly dependent on unreliable foreign [[Mercenary|mercenaries]] for defense, which contributed to the fall of the Empire.
  
 
== The Roman Empire in Debates ==
 
== The Roman Empire in Debates ==
The Roman Empire comes up quite often in fantasy debates and is among the favorite targets of alternate history scenarios. Roman equipment and tactics are well documented. Roman Legionaries are generally regarded as formidable soldiers by pre-modern standards and generally fair well when faced with most other infantry heavy foes, but they are poorly suited for combat against latter heavy cavalry and cavalry archers.
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The Roman Empire comes up quite often in fantasy debates and is among the favorite targets of alternate history scenarios. Roman equipment and tactics are well documented. Roman Legionaries are generally regarded as formidable soldiers by pre-modern standards and generally fair well when faced with other infantry-heavy foes, but they are poorly suited for combat against later heavy cavalry and mounted archers.
  
 
[[Thanas]] is quite knowledgeable about this civilization. If you want questions answered about rome, he's the guy to turn to.
 
[[Thanas]] is quite knowledgeable about this civilization. If you want questions answered about rome, he's the guy to turn to.
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[[Category: History]]
 
[[Category: History]]

Revision as of 13:14, 15 January 2013

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