Premodern Weaponry and Armor

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m (Ranged Weapons)
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== Ranged Weapons ==
 
== Ranged Weapons ==
 
*'''Javelins''': A javelin is a light short spear intended for throwing. Javelins were used for hunting and for warfare, notably by the Greek Peltast skirmishers and Roman Legionaries, as well as by vikings and Spanish Jinetes. These weapons were limited in use by the fact that the maximum effective range of a Javelin was comparitvely short and only a small number of Javelins could be carried at one time.
 
*'''Javelins''': A javelin is a light short spear intended for throwing. Javelins were used for hunting and for warfare, notably by the Greek Peltast skirmishers and Roman Legionaries, as well as by vikings and Spanish Jinetes. These weapons were limited in use by the fact that the maximum effective range of a Javelin was comparitvely short and only a small number of Javelins could be carried at one time.
*'''Slings''' A simple pouch on a length of string. A small stone or lead weight was placed into said pouch and the pouch was sun around quickly to build up centrifical force. The projectile could build up considerable speed, but had little penetrative power against metal armor or shields. Their use as major weapons ended petered out in the last centuries Before the Common Era and were relegated mostly to hunting and fighting.
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*'''Slings''' A simple pouch on a length of string. A small stone or lead weight is placed into said pouch and the pouch is spun around quickly to build up centrifical force. The projectile can build up considerable speed, but has little penetrative power against metal armor or shields. Their use as major weapons ended in the last centuries before the Common Era, and they were relegated mostly to hunting and fighting.
 
*'''Bows''': A bow generates force by bending and releasing a piece of wood. An attached string propels an arrow toward the target when the bow is released. The first bows predate human civilization and were used for hunting. Early bows had  a maximum range of hundred meters and little penetrative power. Later bows would be constructed from wood with higher tensile strength, be of improved shape or  be constructed from layers of wood, sinew and horn glued together (known as "compound bows"). Such bows had far superior velocity and range. A Welsh longbow had an effective range of up to two hundred meters and could penetrate pike armor at short range. Using such a bow effectively, however, required extensive training.
 
*'''Bows''': A bow generates force by bending and releasing a piece of wood. An attached string propels an arrow toward the target when the bow is released. The first bows predate human civilization and were used for hunting. Early bows had  a maximum range of hundred meters and little penetrative power. Later bows would be constructed from wood with higher tensile strength, be of improved shape or  be constructed from layers of wood, sinew and horn glued together (known as "compound bows"). Such bows had far superior velocity and range. A Welsh longbow had an effective range of up to two hundred meters and could penetrate pike armor at short range. Using such a bow effectively, however, required extensive training.
 
*'''Crossbows''': A crossbow is similar to a bow, but it uses a stiffer piece of wood or metal bow that requires mechanical assistance to bend. The actual bow is mounted on a stock that holds the projectile until the bow is released. This design makes crossbows much easier to use than bows. The first crossbows emerged in China around 400 BCE and became common in Europe around the 10th century CE. Later crossbows, known as arbalests, used a steel bow that could store more force when bent.
 
*'''Crossbows''': A crossbow is similar to a bow, but it uses a stiffer piece of wood or metal bow that requires mechanical assistance to bend. The actual bow is mounted on a stock that holds the projectile until the bow is released. This design makes crossbows much easier to use than bows. The first crossbows emerged in China around 400 BCE and became common in Europe around the 10th century CE. Later crossbows, known as arbalests, used a steel bow that could store more force when bent.

Revision as of 15:55, 8 October 2013

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