Kamikaze

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File:Princeton exploding.jpg|USS 'Princeton' after taking a Kamikaze attack.  The ship was the most damaged Allied vessel to survive one such attack.
 
File:Princeton exploding.jpg|USS 'Princeton' after taking a Kamikaze attack.  The ship was the most damaged Allied vessel to survive one such attack.
 
File:AO-59 Mississinewa-kaiten1.gif|The USS 'Mississinewa', a fleet oiler after taking a successful Kaiten attack.
 
File:AO-59 Mississinewa-kaiten1.gif|The USS 'Mississinewa', a fleet oiler after taking a successful Kaiten attack.
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File:Kaiten.jpg|A Kaiten on display at a museum.
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File:Kaitennj2.jpg|A Japanese submarine carrying several Kaiten preparing to sail.
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File:MXY7 Ohka Cherry Blossom Baka Ohka-2bs.jpg|An Ohka piloted rocket-powered bomb.
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File:Ohka lauching.jpg|An Ohka being deployed.
 
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[[Category:Military]]
 
[[Category:Military]]
 
[[Category:Strategies and Tactics]]
 
[[Category:Strategies and Tactics]]

Revision as of 18:52, 3 April 2013

Kamikaze (Japanese for "Divine Wind") refers to a kind of attack in which a pilot crashes the vehicle he is operating at high speed into an enemy ship or position. Kamikaze attacks were used by the Empire of Japan during the last phase of the Second World War as a desperation move against the numerically superior United States Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces, and they were essentially the first guided missiles. While these attacks were somewhat successful in destroying ships, it was not enough to stop allied efforts.

The kamikazes included not only standard aircraft but also specially designed, rocket-powered guided missiles(Ohka) and -- on the ocean -- specially designed piloted torpedoes(Kaiten). Neither of these specialized suicide vehicles were too particularly effective due to the vulnerability of the bombers and submarines that the weapons required to allow them to be carried within range of their targets. However whenever they were able to make a successful attack the results were spectacular.

Kamikaze attacks in Science Fiction

Gallery

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