Firearm

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m (Types of Firearms)
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**'''Flintlock:''' Flintlocks use a piece of flint to strike a spark into a pan of powder to ignite the charge and fire. The flint is part of a spring loaded mechanism attached to a trigger. These were cheaper than wheel locks and more reliable and easier to use than Arqebuses. As such Flintlocks were the most common category of firearm between the mid 17th to mid 19th centuries.  
 
**'''Flintlock:''' Flintlocks use a piece of flint to strike a spark into a pan of powder to ignite the charge and fire. The flint is part of a spring loaded mechanism attached to a trigger. These were cheaper than wheel locks and more reliable and easier to use than Arqebuses. As such Flintlocks were the most common category of firearm between the mid 17th to mid 19th centuries.  
 
** '''Caplock:''' A caplock uses an explosive cap that can be detonated by a strike from the hammer to ignite the powder. This was the final form of muzzle-loading firearm to be developed and see widespread use. These became common from around 1840 to 1870, before being superseded by breachloaders.
 
** '''Caplock:''' A caplock uses an explosive cap that can be detonated by a strike from the hammer to ignite the powder. This was the final form of muzzle-loading firearm to be developed and see widespread use. These became common from around 1840 to 1870, before being superseded by breachloaders.
*'''Pistol:''' Any compact, short-barreled firearm which can be fired easily with one hand. Particularly small pistols are known as Derringers. Due to the short length of their barrel and lack of stocks, pistol are low range firearms. Early pistols were first used as cavalry weapons.
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*'''Pistol:''' Any compact, short-barreled firearm which can be fired easily with one hand. Particularly small pistols are known as Derringers. Due to the short length of their barrel and lack of stocks, pistol are low-range firearms. Early pistols were first used as cavalry weapons.
 
*'''Rifle:''' Any firearm with a barrel that has several spiral groves cut into it to improve ballistics. Rifled firearms have a longer effective range than smoothbore guns. Rifles first emerged in the 16th century and were used by skirmishers and hunters, but they came to replace smoothbore guns by 1850. The term eventually applied to any long-barreled firearm.
 
*'''Rifle:''' Any firearm with a barrel that has several spiral groves cut into it to improve ballistics. Rifled firearms have a longer effective range than smoothbore guns. Rifles first emerged in the 16th century and were used by skirmishers and hunters, but they came to replace smoothbore guns by 1850. The term eventually applied to any long-barreled firearm.
 
*'''Breech-loading Rifle:''' A single-shot rifle with a "door" or "hatch" that allows it to be loaded from the back end, as opposed to stuffing the shot down the length of a barrel.  Breech-loading rifles were the primary type of rifle around the 1860s to the 1890s, although some expermentation occurred earlier (such as the Ferguson Rifle, developed in 1776).
 
*'''Breech-loading Rifle:''' A single-shot rifle with a "door" or "hatch" that allows it to be loaded from the back end, as opposed to stuffing the shot down the length of a barrel.  Breech-loading rifles were the primary type of rifle around the 1860s to the 1890s, although some expermentation occurred earlier (such as the Ferguson Rifle, developed in 1776).

Revision as of 12:47, 8 February 2013

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