Conscription

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'''Conscription''' refers to a military body gaining recruits through making service compulsory.
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'''Conscription''' refers to a military force gaining recruits by compelling people to enlist.
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== Advantages and Disadvantages ==
 
== Advantages and Disadvantages ==
The main advantage of conscription is that it makes it possible to quickly create a very large military when needed. If conscription is a longstanding practice, it can also help develop a national identity.
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The main advantage of conscription is that it makes it possible to quickly create a very large military when needed. If conscription is a long-standing practice, it can also help develop a national identity.
  
 
The disadvantage of conscription programs are the fact that they are usually unpopular as many people do not like being forced into military service and can build up dissent. Conscripts are also on the whole have lower morale than volunteer soldiers.
 
The disadvantage of conscription programs are the fact that they are usually unpopular as many people do not like being forced into military service and can build up dissent. Conscripts are also on the whole have lower morale than volunteer soldiers.
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== Historic Instances of Conscription ==
 
== Historic Instances of Conscription ==
*The Army of the Qin Dynasty was based around universal conscription
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*The army of the Qin Dynasty was based around universal conscription.
*The [[Roman Empire|Roman Army]] was based around conscription of citizens able to afford weapons and armor until the Marian Reforms
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*The [[Roman Empire|Roman]] army was based around conscription of citizens able to afford weapons and armor until the Marian Reforms.
*Various instances of Feudal Levies
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*Various instances of feudal levies.
*Ashigaru in Feudal Japan
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*Ashigaru in feudal Japan.
 
*Starting with Peter the Great, the army of the Tsardom of Russia was primarilly composed of conscripts
 
*Starting with Peter the Great, the army of the Tsardom of Russia was primarilly composed of conscripts
*During the age of enlightenment, it was common for navies to send groups of men out called "Press Gangs" to forcibly conscript people in port cities to serve as sailors.
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*During the Age of Enlightenment, it was common for navies to send out groups of men called "press gangs" to forcibly conscript people in port cities to serve as sailors.
*The ''Levee en Masse'' during the French Revolutionary Wars produced a vast army
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*The ''Levee en Masse'' during the French Revolutionary Wars produced a vast army.
*Both the North and the South during the [[American Civil War]] engaged in conscription, though this was unpopular.
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*Both the North and the South during the [[American Civil War]] engaged in conscription, although it was unpopular.
*Conscription was commonplace during the Great War and Second World War
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*Conscription was commonplace during the [[Great War]] and [[World War II|Second World War]].
== Conscription in Science Fiction ==
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== Conscription in [[Science Fiction]] ==
 
*Large sections of the [[Imperial Guard]] are composed of Conscripts
 
*Large sections of the [[Imperial Guard]] are composed of Conscripts
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[[Category:Military]]
 
[[Category:Military]]

Revision as of 20:47, 4 February 2013

Conscription refers to a military force gaining recruits by compelling people to enlist.

Advantages and Disadvantages

The main advantage of conscription is that it makes it possible to quickly create a very large military when needed. If conscription is a long-standing practice, it can also help develop a national identity.

The disadvantage of conscription programs are the fact that they are usually unpopular as many people do not like being forced into military service and can build up dissent. Conscripts are also on the whole have lower morale than volunteer soldiers.

Historic Instances of Conscription

  • The army of the Qin Dynasty was based around universal conscription.
  • The Roman army was based around conscription of citizens able to afford weapons and armor until the Marian Reforms.
  • Various instances of feudal levies.
  • Ashigaru in feudal Japan.
  • Starting with Peter the Great, the army of the Tsardom of Russia was primarilly composed of conscripts
  • During the Age of Enlightenment, it was common for navies to send out groups of men called "press gangs" to forcibly conscript people in port cities to serve as sailors.
  • The Levee en Masse during the French Revolutionary Wars produced a vast army.
  • Both the North and the South during the American Civil War engaged in conscription, although it was unpopular.
  • Conscription was commonplace during the Great War and Second World War.

Conscription in Science Fiction

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